'Why we get the politicians we deserve'

This essay surveyed the state of democratic governance and the prospects of democracy in 2005, after Tony Blair had won a third term of government for Labour in the UK, but the credibility of the New Labour agenda had been massively undermined by the invasion of Iraq, and before the Global Financial Crisis of 2008 created the conditions for mass austerity and populist backlash.  

It argues  that, without new ways to lift radically the participation of citizens in economic, social and public life, politics would suffer a dramatic loss of legitimacy and the basic functioning and legitimacy of government would be challenged in many parts of the world. 

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